Snakes have a long, narrow body. Their internal organs are made to match their narrow and long body type. Snakes have only one functioning lung, therefore it is vital that their environment is clean and not contaminated.
An interesting fact to understand; to discover how many “vertabreas” the snake contains, you can count the amount of belly scales. Usually there will be a new scale for each vertebrea. It is jaw is developed so that the snake can consume prey many times its size. The bottom region of the jaw isn’t locked together, since it is in most other animals, but it can be split into two parts. This way its mouth could open up, swallow the victim, and then yank on its jaw together again. When the snake does this, it appears like it’s yawning, opening up the mouth wide and shutting it again.
Their eyesight is simply awesome, they don’t see like we do; instead they view heat and moves. They also don’t hear anything but really low frequencies, so speaking to a snake won’t work. It is possible to shout you lungs out, the snake can’t hear you. It will however feel the vibration, so stomping your feet in the ground will certainly get its attention. If you ever noticed a cobra hypnotized by someone playing a flute, you can be sure that the man is stomping his foot in the ground or similar, since the snake would not listen to the flute.
The men have two reproductive organs, the hemipenes. During breeding just one will really carry semen. With young snakes you can sex the snakes by “popping” them. That means it to look for a man you pop out the hemipenes by applying pressure to the bottom of the tail. If done wrong this can damage the snake and allow it to be sterile, so you ought to always have someone explain to you the way to do it before trying. This can’t be done with other then quite young snakes. The males are usually a little wider around the vent area prior to the tail churns down fast (because of the hemipenes indoors), while in the females that the tail churns down more evenly. But this can be quite tricky to see with the naked eye, therefore the best approach to sex a snake would be by “probing”. Proping is where you stick a probe to the snake’s port and see how far in it moves before you meet resistance. In men the hemipenes makes the stunt go in further then in the female.
When it comes to birth, snakes are not good parents. The fathers are totally absent, so he impregnates the female and leaves. The female then either lays her eggs, or has live infants. Some snakes lay ontop of their eggs until they hatch, really regulating the temperature for them, while others such as the corn snake just lays them and leaves. A pregnant snake is thought to be “gravid”. After the babies are born or hatched they are on their own. This could be natures way of regulating the snake population, because a snake can have quite many babies! However, without any assistance from the parents most don’t make it. For these it is really survival of the fittest, but also a great deal of luck!
Skin and Shedding
Snakes aren’t worms!
Their skin consists by scales, which assist the snake’s motion by grasping the surface. As new cells grow under the snake’s skin, the new cells push the previous cells up, creating a transparent skin. When the snake grows along with the upper layer of skin is being pushed even farther, the snake goes through a process of shedding.
The shedding has several stages; initial the skin becomes rough and the snake’s stomach usually turns pinkish. Then its eyes reach the “opaque” stage, its eyes turns blue and the snake is basically blind for a few days. This is because the snake is shedding the coating over its eyes. Then the snake starts looking normal again, and it is very hard to see that it’s shedding. Next thing is to rub its skin against the surface, stones etc, to push off the skin from head to tail. It appears like a sock thats pulled off, ending up inside out. The snake’s skin is supposed to come off in one piece. Young snakes shed frequently; each month or two. When they get older their grow rate decreases, and they shed more seldom. Although they do most of their growing in the first two or three years, snakes never stop growing. Mature snakes shed a few times annually. Shedding is also quite important in getting rid of parasites.
Snakes can now be seen around the planet, the only place there are no snakes is in the inland area. They are these adaptable creatures, there just isn’t any comparison to their success. They live in deserts, cities, deserts, lakes, forests, mountains, savannas, rain forests etc.. The list can go on and on. Snakes are everywhere.
Snakes in cooler areas typically go into a sort of hibernation during the wintertime, called brumation. Unlike hibernation where nearly everything shuts down and wakes up again in spring, brumation is what you can call “do nothing”. All the body works are intact and the snake even moves around a little bit. Normally the snake selects a place underground, so that it can remain as hot as possible during winter. Almost every snake that resides in a place with cool temperatures during winter brumates, otherwise it would not survive.
There are various places where snakes that are not native to the region have been introduced, and now they’re thriving. Oftentimes this proves a real obstacle to the natural ecosystem, as the new snakes push other species outside, or the simple fact that people do not need them there. That is why people who’ve snakes, can’t just go to the park and drop them off! I cannot stress this enough, just watch what has happened in the Everglades in Florida. Now there are anacondas and reticulated pythons breeding in an area where they don’t belong, since careless owners that were confronted with snakes they could not handle or did not want let them loose. Such actions can have fatal consequences.
All snakes are carnivorous, but the diet varies considerably based on size and habitat. Most consume rodents; rats, rodents, rabbits, gerbils etc.. Others eat eggs, fish, lizards and even other snakes. The exact big species could eat pretty much everything from hippos to crocs.
Snakes are amazing in terms of patience, they can lay in one place for days, only waiting for a prey to pass by. When a victim comes by, the snake will utilize its attack method, while it is constriction or venom, to kill it.
Snakes cannot taste anything, and doesn’t chew. There is more about how snakes are able to consume a prey many times its size in the body section, but basically its bottom jaw becomes separated in two while still eating, and muscular movements help the snake swallow. The teeth are pointed towards the rear of its mouth, so when a prey is bitten it’s extremely difficult for it to escape. It is so clever, and so easy. Anyone who has ever been bitten by a snake, understands that attempting to pull the finger out of it’s mouth rarely works. To acquire your finger loose, you truly have to push it further into the mouth to get loose from the clasp, and then open the mouth and your free.
If the prey poses no danger, such as a pinkie mouse, the snake will generally not bother to waste energy killing it, but rather swallows it alive.
After the snake has eaten it is time for it to digest its food. This is quite important and the snake cannot be bothered in this process. This process usually takes approximately 48 hours, and whether the snake feels threatened, the prey is too large, or the weather isn’t warm enough it will regurgitate (throw up). Regurgitation is a serious thing for all snakes, their systems essentially gets turned upside down. Critter Control The ideal thing to do after a regurge is to wait at least ten days before trying to feed again. How frequently a snake eats varies from specie to specie. Very often the men (sometimes females) quickly around breeding season regardless of if they actually breed or not. Snakes might also not consume if they are shedding.